Internet Freedom Status
The clock has ticked down on net neutrality, and its guarantee of internet freedom. We won that freedom in 2015, after internet users sent four million comments to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The FCC then classified all internet service providers (ISPs) as common carriers, which, by definition, must treat all communications equally regardless of who it comes from, who it goes to, or what it contains. But last fall the new Trump Republican majority on the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to take our hard-won freedom, and give total control of your internet connection to your Internet Service Provider (ISP), be it AT&T, Verizon, Spectrum, or any other. The FCC net neutrality kill order officially took effect June 11, 2018.
But the people’s love of internet freedom endures. In a recent poll, 86% of persons stood against the FCC net neutrality kill order. That number includes 82% of Republicans and 90% of Democrats. That broad public support should brighten the outlook for internet freedom, as the fight continues on several fronts.
Congressional Review Act
The Republican-majority Congress and President Trump have used the Congressional Review Act (CRA) to cancel many recent Obama administration health and safety rules. Now there is congressional action to use the CRA to cancel the FCC’s net neutrality kill order. And last month the Senate passed a bill for that, 52-47, with three Republican senators joining all Democratic ones. But in the House, 22 Republican representatives would have to join all 193 Democratic ones to get the majority needed to force a vote and pass the bill. So far, 172 of the 215 needed are on board. The deadline for passing the bill is the end of the current Congress, which is around the end of this year. Should it pass, the bill would face a final hurdle — getting Trump to sign it.
Since the FCC issued its order to kill net neutrality, several states have taken action to keep it. In Montana, Vermont, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Hawaii governors have ordered that ISPs doing business with state government must keep to net neutrality. In New York, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Jersey, Vermont and South Carolina legislators are preparing laws to guarantee net neutrality. And such laws have passed and are on the books in Washington and Oregon. Also, on May 30, the California Senate passed a strong net neutrality bill — restoring the 2015 “bright-line” standards (no blocking, throttling or paid prioritization), closing the loophole of zero-rating to favor an ISP’s own content, and banning state and local contracts with ISPs not keeping to the standards. Now, the bill awaits action in the California Assembly. However, the FCC put a clause into its net neutrality kill order to ban states from overriding the order. So, big telecom would likely cite that clause, and challenge the states’ net neutrality standards in court.
21 states and D.C., as well as tech firms and advocacy groups, have filed lawsuits to stop the repeal of net neutrality. The 21 states are all those in the nation with a Democratic attorney general. A federal court has consolidated the lawsuits into one. About the coming court case, Techdirt blogger Karl Bode tells us, “By law, the FCC has to prove that the broadband market changed substantially enough in just a few years to warrant such a severe reversal of popular policy.” So, the suit should have a good chance to succeed. However, it may take a year or so for the case to resolve.
Act of Congress
An act of Congress could — for better or worse — override all state and legal action. Congress could pass strong legislation that puts the 2015 net neutrality standards, oversight and enforceability into law. Or, maybe even better, Congress could ban big corporate ISPs from providing their own content. With a law like that a big ISP could focus on providing a solid, fast connection, instead of pushing their own, and tamping down competing content. But Congress could also pass weak, “Trojan Horse” legislation, such as that proposed by Republicans Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) and Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA). Their bill (HR 4682/SR 2510) would ban outright blocking or throttling of websites. But, the bill would allow the known tricks of paid prioritization, zero-rating. and the devising of interconnection bottlenecks. The bill would ban the FCC, which is a rule-making body, from making any rules regarding those tricks or any others that big ISPs might come up with from now on. The bill would also override any stronger state and local laws, and change ISP classification from telecom service to information service, which need not treat all communications equally.
Here are some actions to help bring back internet freedom.
- Urge your congressman to back the CRA to cancel the FCC’s net neutrality kill order:
- TWEET AND CALL YOUR CONGRESSMAN
- WRITE YOUR CONGRESSMAN DIRECTLY
- WRITE YOUR CONGRESSMAN USING THIS FORM
- VOTE for congressional candidates that support internet freedom!
Example message to your congressman:
Dear Rep. XXXXXX
As your constituent, I urge you to join in signing the discharge petition for the Congressional Review Act resolution to cancel the FCC’s net neutrality repeal.
Please do this and show that you stand for internet freedom and freedom of speech. And show that you put the natural rights of the citizen ahead of an excessive-profit privilege of the corporation.
UPDATE: On June 20, a California Assembly committee gutted what was the strong net neutrality bill mentioned above.
[Chairman] Santiago’s office refused any and all contact from reporters (myself included) on Tuesday night, then quickly rushed those amendments through the voting process before they could even be debated. Disgusted by the railroading, Weiner ultimately pulled his bill entirely, arguing that it no longer adequately protected consumers:
“It is no longer a net neutrality bill,” a visibly frustrated Wiener said after the vote. In an unusual move, the committee voted on the bill before Wiener was given a chance to testify. “I will state for the record … I think it was fundamentally unfair,” he said.
– Karl Bode, TechDirt
won that freedom “How We Won” – Battle for the Net
classified all “FCC Releases Open Internet Order” – FCC, 2015-03-12
voted to take “Tricky Trump FCC Chair Set to Snuff Internet Freedom” – Quinn Hungeski, The Paragraph, 2015-11-30
net neutrality kill order “Proposal to
Restore Destroy Internet Freedom” – FCC, 2017-11-30
recent poll “Overwhelming Bipartisan Public Opposition to Repealing Net Neutrality Persists” – Voice of the People, 2018-04-18
cancel many “Deadline passes on law Trump used to reverse Obama-era regulations” BY DAVID JORDAN AND NIA PRATER, Medill News Service, via The State; May 10, 2017
a bill “S.J.Res.52 – A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Federal Communications Commission relating to “Restoring Internet Freedom”” – 115th Congress (2017-2018) – Congress.gov
172 “Motion to Discharge a Committee from the Consideration of a Resolution” May 17, 2018 – Clerk of the House of Representatives
215 needed “The Senate just passed Ed Markey’s measure to reverse the FCC’s net neutrality repeal. What happens next?” By Nik DeCosta-Klipa, Boston.com; May 16, 2018
taken action “States propose bills to preserve net neutrality” by Seth Fiegerman; CNN; January 5, 2018
governors have ordered “California Senate passes ‘gold standard’ net neutrality bill, New York may follow” By Ryan Johnston, State Scoop; JUNE 4, 2018
legislators are preparing laws “Vermont governor becomes 5th to issue net neutrality order” By Ryan Johnston, State Scoop; FEBRUARY 20, 2018
laws have passed “California’s Tough New Net Neutrality Law Takes Another Step Forward” by Karl Bode, TechDirt; Jun 4th 2018
Oregon “Middle Schoolers Cheer As Oregon Passes A Net Neutrality Law” by Karl Bode, TechDirt; Mar 7th 2018
strong net neutrality bill “Today: Tell the California Senate to Defend Net Neutrality and Pass S.B. 822” BY KATHARINE TRENDACOSTA, EFF; MAY 29, 2018
filed lawsuits “FCC must defend net neutrality repeal in court against dozens of litigants – Lawsuits filed by tech firms, states, and advocates were merged into one suit.” by JON BRODKIN, Ars Technica; 3/12/2018
About the coming court case, Techdirt “Terrified Of Losing In Court, ISPs (With Senator John Kennedy’s Help) Push Hard For A Fake Net Neutrality Law” by Karl Bode, TechDirt; Mar 9th 2018
Karl Bode “Karl Bode’s Techdirt Profile”
that proposed “Terrified Of Losing In Court, ISPs (With Senator John Kennedy’s Help) Push Hard For A Fake Net Neutrality Law” by Karl Bode, TechDirt; Mar 9th 2018
Their bill “H.R.4682 – Open Internet Preservation Act” – 115th Congress (2017-2018); Congress.gov
TWEET AND CALL YOUR CONGRESSMAN
“Scoreboard – House” – Battle for the Net
WRITE YOUR CONGRESSMAN DIRECTLY “Directory of Representatives” – House.gov
WRITE YOUR CONGRESSMAN USING THIS FORM “Congress can still save net neutrality” – Battle for the Net
List of U.S. Representatives “Motion to Discharge a Committee from the Consideration of a Resolution” May 17, 2018 – Clerk of the House of Representatives
List of Senators “Roll Call Vote 115th Congress – 2nd Session XML Vote Summary; Question: On the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Proceed to S. J. Res. 52 )” – Senate.gov
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